Karen Overall (MA, VMD, PhD, DACVB, Clinical Behavioral Medicine for small Animals) says “In a retrospective study on spinal pain, injury or changes in dogs conducted in Sweden, Hallgreen (1992) found that 91% of dogs with cervical anomalies experienced harsh jerks on a leash or had a long history of pulling on the lead. The use of choke collars was also over represented in this group. This strongly suggests that leash corrections are potentially injurious”
Archive for date: October 7th, 2010
I don’t consider so called ‘doggy breath’ to be necessarily normal.
So, if your dog has bad breath, I would recommend a trip to your family veterinarian (preferably one who is proactive and practices holistic medicine) for a good oral exam.
Dogs with demodex mange should not be bred, as these dogs’ immune systems are not entirely competent and these genes should not be passed along. If your pup is diagnosed with demodex you should let your breeder know.